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The Australian National University

1996

Document: Discussion Paper

Previous Aboriginal fertility studies based on comprehensive analyses of the 1986 and earlier Australian censuses found a trend of a substantial fertility decline in the 1970s and early 1980s, which led to the conclusion that the decline would continue. However, the results of two recent studies, based on the 1991 Census, contradicted the continuation of Aboriginal fertility decline.

Document: Discussion Paper

This paper considers whether Indigenous employment strategies implemented over the latter half of the 1980s and early 1990s coincided with an improvement in occupational status for Indigenous workers and a movement towards greater similarity with the occupational profile of the general population. Using detailed occupation data from the 1986 and 1991 Censuses, change in the relative distribution of Indigenous employment is analysed by sex and section-of-State.

Document: Discussion Paper

This paper was delivered at a conference, 'Doing Business with Aboriginal Communities', organised by AIC Conferences and held at the Beaufort Hotel, Darwin during the week before the March 1996 federal election. The session in which the paper was presented was about effective negotiation between Indigenous groups and industry, inside and outside the Native Title Act framework. The paper identifies elements of the legislative framework that arguably result in suboptimal outcomes for both Indigenous parties and industry.

Document: Discussion Paper

This discussion paper presents an analysis of where Indigenous people live in Australian cities. The paper is motivated by the possible impact of the recent increases in the number of distressed urban areas on the Indigenous population. The urban Indigenous population are found to be concentrated in the low socioeconomic urban neighbourhoods which have borne the brunt of economic structural change in the past 20 years.

Document: Discussion Paper

The Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme is a program where participants forego social security entitlements and work for rough equivalents of these entitlements. The scheme has expanded rapidly over the past decade and now operates in 250 Indigenous communities. While the scheme has multiple objectives, it is arguably primarily a labour market program.

Document: Discussion Paper

Despite the fact that large numbers of Indigenous people participate in labour market and training programs each year, little information has hitherto been publicly available regarding their characteristics and the nature of program involvement.

Document: Discussion Paper

This paper presents an overview of the contemporary economic status of Indigenous households relative to other Australian households, based on an analysis of 1991 Census data and a review of ethnographic case study evidence. The analysis is expanded by a brief consideration of information on households from the 1994 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Survey.

Document: Discussion Paper

This paper brings together information from the 1991 Census of Population and Housing and the 1990 Income and Housing Costs and Amenities Survey to estimate poverty rates for Indigenous families and non-Indigenous families at the time of the 1991 Census and to compare them with estimates from the 1986 Census. It also describes the factors associated with income poverty among Indigenous families.

Document: Discussion Paper

The recent National Review of Education for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (1995) called for research and analysis of the immediate and long-term complexities of building community-controlled education for Indigenous Australians. As noted in that Review, too little is known about this potential avenue for Indigenous education. This paper explores some of the issues in Indigenous self-determination in education through a focus on independent community-controlled Indigenous schools.

Document: Discussion Paper

The analysis of the geography of unemployment-related benefits and Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme employment yields several insights into Indigenous labour market activity. By simultaneously examining both, it is possible to estimate the proportion of the Indigenous labour force which depends on some form of government assistance.

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