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The Australian National University


Document: Topical Issue


The concept of a 'Healthy Welfare Card', now renamed as the Cashless Debit Card (CDC), was a recommendation of the Forrest Review into Employment and Training (Forrest 2014).

It was seen as a development from income management which has been occurring in parts of Australia since the Northern Territory Emergency Response, when it was first introduced for Aboriginal communities there.

The CDC appears to operate a little differently from the Basics Card1 used in the Northern Territory income management program.

Document: CAEPR Seminar

This seminar will revisit my triangular conceptual framework for Australian Indigenous policy developed a decade ago. That framework identified three competing principles of equality, choice and guardianship. Equality was identified as the dominant principle at the top and centre of the policy space, but with three interpretations: individual legal equality, equality of opportunity and socio-economic equality.

Document: CAEPR Seminar

Indigenous people receive a greater proportion of their income from government income support payments than non-Indigenous Australians. Among those on income support, Indigenous people are also more likely to receive working age payments than the non-Indigenous population. Many of the changes to income support policy since the 1990s are likely to have had a disproportionate impact on the Indigenous population. Those payments that have decreased in generosity (at least in relative terms) are those that Indigenous Australians have a greater exposure to.

Document: CAEPR Seminar

This seminar provides an overview of the changing size and spatial distribution of the Indigenous population of Australia, comparing the results of the 2011 and 2016 censuses. The paper summarises four key aspects of the intercensal change:

a)    the growth in the estimated population of Indigenous Australians;

b)    the changing geographic distribution of  Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons;

c)    the spatial mismatch between demographic projections from the 2011 census and 2016 census counts; and

Document: Working Paper

One of the major changes in Indigenous policy over the past decade and a half is the systematic reporting by government of socioeconomic and other outcomes of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Much, although not all, of this reporting makes comparisons with the non-Indigenous population. An increasing body of literature, however, cautions against using a 'deficits approach' to Indigenous statistics and data.

Document: Working Paper

The analysis presented in this report shows that, among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, better outcomes for socioeconomic indicators such as employment, education and income are positively associated with participation in arts and cultural expression. There is also strong evidence that those who participate in arts and cultural activities are more likely to have higher levels of subjective wellbeing.

Document: CAEPR Seminar

The United States and Australia were among the four nations that initially voted against the UN General Assembly's Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.  Each country has since reconsidered its position and ultimately elected to endorse the Declaration, but not without some reservations.  This talk will provide a comparative assessment of the US and Australia's regard for Indigenous self-government.