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The Australian National University


Document: 2011 Census Papers

Where a person lives has the potential to shape their choices and outcomes. It is reasonably well established that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians are more likely to live in remote areas than the non-Indigenous population and that this has implications for their ability to maintain important aspects of their life whilst, at the same time, constraining the services and jobs available to them. However, this paper demonstrates that even within an urban area, there is a large degree of residential segregation.

Document: 2011 Census Papers

The Indigenous population is projected to continue to grow at a much faster rate than the non-Indigenous population over at least the next 20 years. One explanation for this rapid growth is a high rate of mixed marriage partnerships with the children of these partnerships tending to be identified as Indigenous. In 2011, 56.5 per cent of partnered Indigenous males had a non-Indigenous partner, slightly lower than the corresponding figure of 59.0 per cent for Indigenous females.

Document: Topical Issue

Common property (communal land) is often viewed negatively with some claiming that communal land ownership and the absence of private property rights more generally have been insurmountable barriers to Indigenous enterprise. This paper provides a brief overview of common property resources and explores how Aboriginal common property is being used by some Aboriginal groups to develop social enterprises that provide benefits to remote communities, the environment and wider Australia.

Document: 2011 Census Papers

The aim of this paper is to provide a preliminary set of projections at the national and regional level for the Australian Indigenous population. Using population estimates from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the most recently available vital-statistics data, it is projected that the Indigenous population will grow from around 670,000 in 2011 to around 1,060,000 by 2031. The Indigenous population is therefore projected to grow from around 3.0 per cent of the total population in 2011 to 3.9 per cent by 2031.

Document: Staff Publication

Hunt, J. 'Engagement with Indigenous communities in key sectors', Resource sheet No. 23, produced for the Closing the Gap Clearinghouse, October, available at