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The Australian National University

Francis Markham

Document: Staff Profile

Francis Markham has a disciplinary background in human geography. He is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research at The Australian National University where he carries out research related to Indigenous population change. He has carried out research on lands reclaimed by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples under native title and various land rights regimes. Here his research seeks to examine the extent, location and economic potential of these returned lands. Markham has also undertaken research on Indigenous population change and mobility.

Document: 2011 Census Papers

Regional centres are an important but often overlooked set
of areas with particular policy and population dynamics. In
this paper, we identify 43 regional centres which we have
defined as having a total population of between 10,000 and
250,000 with at least 1,000 Indigenous usual residents.
These areas paper contain substantially more Indigenous
Australians overall than remote Indigenous communities
(23 per cent of the total Australian Indigenous population in
2011). However, the Indigenous population in these areas
tend to make up a greater share of the population than in

Document: 2011 Census Papers

This paper aims to provide an updated description of the migration patterns of Indigenous Australians over the last intercensal period and to compare these with previous patterns, as well as those from the non-Indigenous population. Indigenous Australians are a highly mobile population. They were substantially more likely to be away from their place of usual residence on the night of the census and more likely to make permanent moves over the five years leading up to the 2011 Census. In addition, Indigenous Australians are more likely to make moves that involve a change in location type.

Document: Working Paper

Accurate assessments of the number of people who access goods or services in a particular location are crucial to the equitable allocation of resources and the delivery of services. In particular, Indigenous Australians are an important subpopulation for whom such estimates would be useful, given the high levels of Indigenous temporary mobility. We review previous estimates of service populations relevant to Indigenous Australians and find that there is no currently accepted method for quantification.

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