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The Australian National University

Anne Hawke

Document: Discussion Paper

The Aboriginal Employment Development Policy (AEDP) aims to achieve economic equality between Indigenous and other Australians by the year 2000 via three goals: employment equality, income equality and commensurate levels of welfare dependence. Achieving employment equality, in statistical terms, for working-aged Indigenous Australians will require an increase in the employment rate from 27 percent of those aged 15-64 years to 63 percent.

Document: Discussion Paper

An issue frequently raised in the literature on the economic status of Aboriginal people is the importance of welfare transfers as a source of income, yet there is very little aggregate information documenting this. The purpose of this paper is to present the available evidence from the Population Census and administrative data sources. One estimate is based on the share of total individual income coming from those in employment.

Document: Discussion Paper

This paper uses census data and Department of Social Security (DSS) administrative records to examine the role of social security income in explaining the growth and relative improvement in the income status of Indigenous Australian women. The real median income of Indigenous women was 81 per cent of that of non-Indigenous women in 1991 compared with 74 per cent in 1976. Much of the change has come from an improvement in the position of Indigenous women who were not in employment.

Document: Discussion Paper

The enactment of the Workplace Relations Act 1996 by the Howard Government represented an acceleration in the pace of industrial relations reform. Amid these significant and widespread legislative developments, little attention was paid to the plight of groups traditionally disadvantaged in the labour market-including Indigenous people.

Document: Discussion Paper

Indigenous employment policy needs to be informed by a good understanding of the industrial relations culture of workpl