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The Australian National University

Inge Kral, Research Fellow

BA (Anthropology, Prehistory and Linguistics) Australian National University 1982
DipEd Flinders 1983
MA (Applied Linguistics), Melbourne 2000
PhD (Anthropology);Australian National University2007

Inge Kral is currently a Research Fellow under an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (2012-2014).

Inge is a linguistic anthropologist with more than twenty years experience in Indigenous education, languages and literacy. Prior to coming to CAEPR in 2003, she was a teacher, teacher linguist, adult literacy educator and education consultant in Indigenous communities in the Northern Territory and Western Australia.

Dr Inge Kral
(02) 6125 0481

In 2007 Inge was awarded a three year Post Doctoral Research Fellowship under an Australian Research Council Linkage Grant with Chief Investigator Dr R.G. Schwab, in a partnership between CAEPR & the Fred Hollows Foundation entitled Lifespan learning and literacy for young adults in remote Indigenous communities. In this project research collaborations were established with the Northern Territory Library, Ngaanyatjarra Media, Ngapartji Ngapartji, Djilpin Arts, and the Warlpiri Education and Training Trust. In 2010 Inge won an International Research Fellowship through the Australian Academy of the Humanities. This enabled her to establish international collaborations with Professor Emerita Shirley Brice Heath from Stanford University and Professor Glynda Hull from University of California, Berkeley. A follow up visit early in 2012 consolidated links with Heath and led to a collaboration with Hull and her team on the 'space2cre8' youth media and literacy research project. A visit to Malaysia in 2011 consolidated a research collaboration with Dr Sumathi Renganathan from Universiti Teknologi Petronas to work on a social literacy project with the Orang Asli people. Her current research project: 'Connecting, communicating and learning through new media: Indigenous youth and digital futures in remote Australia' (2012-2014) will explore the impact of digital technologies and new media practices on the social, cultural and linguistic ecology of remote Indigenous Australia. Inge's research interests include community-based out of school learning and literacy; youth, digital media and new literacies; family literacy; Australian Indigenous languages and literacy; school to work transitions; and population mobility. Awards and Fellowships 2012-2014 Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Award. 2010 International Research Fellowship. The Australian Academy of the Humanities: International Science Linkages - Humanities and Creative Arts Programme. 2007-2010 Australian Research Council Post Doctoral Fellowship.2007 Australian Anthropological Society Thesis Prize for 2007 for PhD thesis by research. 1998 M.A.K. Halliday Scholarship for Masters research - Applied Linguistics Association of Australia.1982 W.E.H. Stanner Prize for Aboriginal Studies, The Australian National University.

Key publications & research


Inge's new book Talk, Text and Technology: Literacy and social practice in a remote Indigenous community will be published by Multilingual Matters, UK in July 2012. For details see:

Other publications include:

Kral, I. (2008) 'Literacy as social practice'. In Richmond, C. (Ed.) The Walk to School: An Indigenous Early Years Literacy Strategy for Northern Territory Public Libraries & Knowledge Centres. Darwin: Northern Territory Library, pp. 20-26.

Kral, I. (2009) The literacy question in remote Indigenous Australia. CAEPR Topical Issue 06/2009. Canberra, The Australian National University: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research.

Kral, I. (2010a) Generational change, learning and remote Australian Indigenous youth. CAEPR Working Paper 68. Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University.

Kral, I. (2010b) 'Oral to literate traditions: emerging literacies in remote Aboriginal Australia'. TESOL in Context Journal, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 34-49.

Kral, I. (2010c) Plugged in Remote Australian Indigenous youth and digital culture. CAEPR Working Paper 69. Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University.

Kral, I. (2011) 'Youth media as cultural practice: Remote Indigenous youth speaking out loud'. Australian Aboriginal Studies. Journal of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Vol.1, pp. 4-16.

Kral, I. (in press 2012) 'The acquisition of media as cultural practice: Remote Indigenous youth and new digital technologies.' In Ormond-Parker, L., Fforde, C., Corn, A., O'Sullivan, S. and Obata, K. (Ed.) Information Technologies and Indigenous Communities. Canberra: AIATSIS e-Research, accepted 03/2011.



Kral, I. and Ellis, E. M. (2008) 'Children, language and literacy in the Ngaanyatjarra Lands'. In Wigglesworth, G. and Simpson, J. (Eds) Children's language and multilingualism: Indigenous language use at home and school. London: Continuum Publishers, pp. 154-172.

Kral, I. and Falk, I. (2004) What is all that learning for?: Indigenous adult English literacy practices, training, community capacity and health. Adelaide: NCVER.

Kral, I. and Morphy, F. (2006) 'Language'. In Hunter, B. H. (Ed.) Assessing the evidence on Indigenous socioeconomic outcomes: A focus on the 2002 NATSISS. CAEPR Research Monograph 26. Canberra: The Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, pp. 279-289.

Kral, I. and Schwab, R. G. (2003) The realities of Indigenous adult literacy acquisition and practice: Implications for remote community capacity development. CAEPR Discussion Paper 257 No: Canberra: The Australian National University.

Kral, I. and Schwab, R. G. (forthcoming) Learning Spaces: Youth, literacy and new media in remote Indigenous Australia (Book and DVD). Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University.

Fogarty, W. and Kral, I. (2011) 'Indigenous Language Policy In Australia', CAEPR Topical Issue No. 11/2011.

Obata, K., Kral, I. and Ngaanyatjarra speakers ([2005] 2009) Ngaanyatjarra Picture Dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.


Kral, I. (2000) The socio-historical development of literacy in Arrernte: A case study of writing in an Aboriginal language and the implications for current vernacular literacy practices. Unpublished Masters thesis (Applied Linguistics), Melbourne: University of Melbourne.

Kral, I. (2007) Writing words - right way! Literacy and social practice in the Ngaanyatjarra world. Unpublished Ph.D thesis (Anthropology). Canberra: The Australian National University.


CAEPR publications & research outputs

Discussion Papers

Topical Issues

Topical Issue
Topical Issue No 6/2009
Inge Kral
Topical Issue
Topical Issue No 11/2011
Bill Fogarty
Inge Kral

Working Papers

Working Paper
Working Paper No 68/2010
Inge Kral
Working Paper
Working Paper No 69/2010
Inge Kral

External publications

Research publications outside the CAEPR publications series, including books, book chapters, journal articles and reports.

External Publications

Inge Kral
Inge Kral
Frances Morphy
Inge Kral
K. Obata

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